Dangerous goods transport accidents frequently, how to deal with!

2024/07/05 11:17

Articles that are corrosive, natural, inflammable, toxic, explosive, etc., and that require special protection during transportation, loading, unloading, and storage are classified as dangerous goods. Dangerous goods have special physical and chemical properties, such as improper protection during transportation, accidents are easy to occur, and the consequences of accidents are more serious than common vehicle accidents.

Therefore, in order to ensure safety, the transport of dangerous goods should pay attention to the following eight points

1, pay attention to the packaging of dangerous goods before shipment should be according to its nature, transport distance, road conditions along the way in a safe way packaging must be firm, tight, on the packaging to do a clear, standardized, easily identifiable signs.

2. The roads, lights, signs and fire fighting facilities at the loading and unloading site of dangerous goods must meet the conditions for safe loading and unloading. When loading and unloading dangerous goods, the car should be parked in the open air, and the stevedores should pay attention to their own protection and wear necessary protective equipment. Strictly abide by the operating procedures, light loading, light unloading, strictly prohibit falling, impact, rolling, heavy pressure and inversion, afraid of wet goods should be covered by tarpaulin, goods must be stacked neatly, tied firmly. Dangerous goods of different nature cannot be mixed in the same car, such as detonators, explosives, etc., must not be loaded in the same car.

3, pay attention to the transport of dangerous goods must be selected suitable vehicles, explosives, first-level oxidants, organic oxides shall not be loaded with full car trains, three-wheeled motor vehicles, motorcycles, human tricycles and bicycles: explosives, first-level oxidants, organic peroxides, first-level flammable products shall not be loaded with tractors. Except for Class II fixed dangerous goods, other dangerous goods shall not be loaded by dump truck.

4, pay attention to the fire of dangerous goods transport avoid fire, dangerous goods in the loading and unloading should use tools that do not produce sparks, no smoking in the carriage, the vehicle should not be near the open fire, high temperature places and sun exposure. The ground wire should be installed when the oil tanker carrying petroleum is stopped and loaded and unloaded. When driving, the ground wire should touch the ground to prevent fire caused by static electricity.

5, pay attention to driving the transport of dangerous goods vehicles, should be set GB13392-92 "Road transport of dangerous goods vehicle signs" provisions of the sign. Car operation must strictly abide by traffic, fire, public security and other laws and regulations, should control the speed, maintain the distance from the front car in case of conditions to slow down in advance, avoid emergency braking, strictly prohibited illegal overtaking, to ensure driving safety. Pay attention to danger and learn safety knowledge.

6, attention to the leakage of dangerous goods in the process of shipment leakage phenomenon, should be properly handled according to the different nature of dangerous goods. When explosives are scattered, they should be moved to a safe place, repaired or replaced with packaging, and the leaked explosives should be soaked with water to clear the local public security fire personnel in time. When the tank storing compressed gas or liquefied gas leaks, it should be moved to a ventilated area and watered to cool the leaking cylinder: When the ammonia leaks, it can be immersed in water. Other highly toxic gases should be immersed in lime water. When flammable solid items are scattered, the scattered packaging should be quickly moved to a safe place, yellow phosphorus should be immediately immersed in water, metal sodium, potassium, etc. must be immersed in kerosene or anhydrous liquid paraffin in the iron bucket; When flammable liquid leaks, the leakage part should be placed upward in time, and moved to a safe and ventilated place in time to repair or replace the packaging, and the seepage should be swept away after being covered with yellow sand and dry soil.

7, pay attention to the parking of vehicles loaded with dangerous goods shall not be parked in schools, organs, markets, historical sites, scenic areas, such as loading and unloading operations or temporary parking in the above areas, should take safety measures, and obtain the consent of the local public security department, parking should be kept under guard, idlers are not allowed to approach the vehicle, so that the car is in the people, to ensure vehicle safety.

8, pay attention to the removal of dangerous goods after the car should be cleaned residues on the car, vehicles and tools contaminated by dangerous goods must be washed and cleaned without thorough cleaning, it is prohibited to load food, medicinal articles, feed and animals and plants.